THE ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY AND THE ABSTRACTION OF THE ENERGY CONCEPT AND THE CONSERVATION LAW

Ángel Ríos Cardozo, Luis Eduardo Torres García, Miguel Ángel Grizalez

Resumen


Energy is one of the most important concepts in Physics. Its construction has been the result of a long and complex process of conceptual Energy is one of the most important concepts in physics. Its construction has been the result of a long and complex process of conceptual abstraction and a compendium of various fields of science that begins with the Huygens's idea of 'vis viva' to the concept we currently know and that was established in early last century. The principle of energy conservation emerges as one of the unifying pillars of physics and its generalization can be synthesized in many areas such as mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism and modern physics. In this work, we present a brief historical and epistemological introduction of the concept of energy, focusing on the electromagnetic field. We shows how the field theory made contributions to energy conservation, and how the use of history has didactic implications in favor of the teaching and understanding of conservation, transformation, transferring and dissipation of energy in physical processes.


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